Prince Edward Island's Bicycle Laws
as of January 11, 2018


Lights, Lamps, Reflectors

107. Lamps and reflectors on bicycles
(1) Every bicycle when in use at night-time shall be equipped with a lamp on the front that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 150 m to the front and with a red reflector on the rear that is visible from 90 m to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle, and a lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 150 m to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector. Bicycle must be equipped with bell, etc.
(2) No person shall operate a bicycle unless it is equipped with a bell or other device capable of giving a signal audible for a distance of at least 30 m, but a bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren or whistle. R.S.P.E.I. 1974, Cap. H-6,s.106; 1978,c.10,s.8.


One Metre

155.1 At least one metre of distance, or as near to that as possible, required when passing bicycle
(1) Where the vehicle overtaking and passing another vehicle is a motor vehicle and the vehicle that is being overtaken is a bicycle, the driver of the motor vehicle shall leave a distance of not less than one metre, or as near to that as is possible in the circumstances, between the motor vehicle and the bicycle that is being overtaken, and shall maintain that distance until safely past the bicycle. How one metre measured
(2) The one metre distance required by subsection (1) refers to the distance between the side of the motor vehicle nearest to the bicycle and the side of the bicycle nearest to the motor vehicle, including all projections and attachments on the motor vehicle and the bicycle. When crossing centre line etc. permitted
(3) Notwithstanding sections 159, 160 and 161, a driver of a motor vehicle that is overtaking and passing a bicycle may cross a solid line, drive to or upon the left side of the centre line of a roadway or pass the bicycle contrary to a sign referred to in section 161, if the movement can be made in safety. 2017,c.66,s.2.

PENALTY
155.1(1) Driver of a motor vehicle passing a bicycle without leaving not less than one metre of distance, or as near to that as possible, between the motor vehicle and the bicycle
Minimum Fine 200
Maximum Fine 1,000

Lanes

175.2 Lanes for bicycles
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, where the regulations provide for lanes for the use of bicycles and regulate or prohibit the driving in or the use of those lanes by other traffic, drivers of other vehicles and other users of the highway shall only drive in or use those lanes as provided by the regulations. 2017,c.66,s.3.


Duties and Rights of Bicyclists

194. Duties & rights of bicyclists
(1) Except as provided in this section and the regulations, a person riding a bicycle upon a highway has the same rights and duties as a driver. Rules of the road for bicyclists

(2) A person who is riding a bicycle
(a) shall not ride on a sidewalk;
(a.1) shall wear a bicycle safety helmet that complies with the regulations and shall have the chin strap of the helmet securely fastened;
(b) shall ride as near as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of a roadway;
(c) shall not ride abreast of any other person who is riding a bicycle upon a roadway;
(d) shall keep at least one hand on the handlebars;
(e) shall not ride other than upon or astride a regular seat of the bicycle;
(f) shall not use the bicycle to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped;
(g) shall not carry on the bicycle an object of any kind that is of such a size, weight or shape or so placed that it may interfere with the proper operation or control of the bicycle;
(h) shall not ride a bicycle on a highway where signs prohibit their use;
(i) shall not ride a bicycle upon a roadway if there is a usable path intended for the use of bicycles adjacent to the roadway; and
(j) shall not remove his feet from the pedals thereof while the bicycle is being driven on any roadway. R.S.P.E.I. 1974, Cap. H-6, s.179; 2002,c.13,s.6; 2016,c.41,s.6. RULES OF THE ROAD Section 195 Highway Traffic Act Page 96 Current to December 23, 2017 tc

Helmet Responsibility
194.1 Restriction No parent or guardian of a person under 16 years of age shall authorize or knowingly permit that person to ride on or operate a bicycle on a highway unless the person is wearing a bicycle helmet as required by clause

Towing
194(2)(a.1). 2002,c.13,s.7. 195. Towing of bicyclists etc. prohibited No person whether on foot or riding upon a bicycle, motorcycle, sled, coaster, toboggan or play vehicle or upon skates, roller skates or skis, shall attach it or them or himself by hand or other means to a vehicle upon a roadway, and no driver of a vehicle shall permit any such person to take hold of that vehicle or permit the bicycle, motorcycle, sled, coaster, toboggan, play vehicle or skis to be attached thereto or drawn thereby. R.S.P.E.I. 1974, Cap. H-6, s.180.

PENALTIES
194(2)(a) Riding bicycle on sidewalk
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(a.1) Failing to wear bicycle safety helmet or fasten chin strap
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(b) Failing to ride bicycle close to edge of highway
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(c) Riding bicycle abreast of another bicycle rider
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(d) Riding bicycle without at least one hand on handlebars
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(e) Riding bicycle and not astride regular seat
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(f) Carrying more persons on bicycle than designed for
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(g) Carrying object which may interfere with operation or control of bicycle
(all of the above in section 194)
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 500

194(2)(h) Riding bicycle on highway where signs prohibit use of bicycles
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 200

194(2)(i) Riding bicycle on roadway when bicycle path provided
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 200

194(2)(j) Removing feet from pedals of bicycle
Minimum Fine 50
Maximum Fine 100

194.1 Parent or guardian authorizing or knowingly permitting a person under 16 years of age to operate a bicycle without wearing bicycle helmet required
Minimum Fine 100
Maximum Fine 200